# AiS Challenge Team Interim

Team Number: 001

School Name: Alamogordo

Area of Science: AstroPhysics

Project Title: The Black Hole Effect

We have been trying to find information on black holes that would let us better understand them. We have had a few good spots on this search. We are trying to determine what type of energy a black hole is generating. Then we will attempt to gather the energy some how, and us it as new source to better understand everyday lives. Black holes have extreme amounts of energy. Enough, some belive, to transport you through time. You can find the volume of a black hole by using the equation: volume = 4 / 3 * pi * r^3, found in the internet site, "Commonly asked questions about black holes." Thus, figuring out about how much energy a black hole has. One way of extracting energy from a black hole is reducing the size of it, therefore allowing it to give off it's own energy. This is known as the Penrose Process. Secondly, black holes give off it's own energy when they emit particles, because thier gravitational pull is soo intense, this process is known as the Hawking Radiation. These so called particles are known as 'virtual pairs' which are particle, antiparticle pairs, which pop into existence, seperate for a very short amount of time, come back together, then disappear just as fast. For that very short time period there is extra mass-energy in the universe. The vertical pairs usally pop into existance around a black hole. As it falls through the black hole it produces enough energy for another particle to exist. This is such a huge amount of energy, that if you could harness it, the energy would be unthinkable. The last way a black hole gives off energy is that it evaporates or disappears. The simple task of disappearing into the black hole produces energy. The reason is Newton's First Law of Motion in that an object in motion stays in motion, which can be converted into energy. Using the help of our mentor, the internet, and other sources, we hope to discover the answer to our problem.

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