Challenge Team Interim Report
Team Number: 063
School Name: Ramah High School
Area of Science: Physiology
Project Title: Weight Lifting Program
Team 063 is proud to acknowledge its progress thus far in the New Mexico Supercomputing Challenge. We have found both good and bad things. Our project is more complicated than we had originally anticipated. It is not easy to find specifics on the Internet. We are learning about the Internet more and more.
We have figured out what we need to find, but not quite how to find everything. Any suggestions you may have on where to look for information that would help us with this project would be greatly appreciated.
We have found that in order to gain muscle tissue you need to increase your growth hormone release. We need to find what effects this. Obviously exercise does, but we need to find by how much.
Glutamine has a definite effect on muscle growth. Glutamine is an anti-proteolytic (prevents muscle tissue breakdown) functions and growth hormone elevating effects. Glutamine is the most abundant single amino acid in the blood and in the intracellular free amino acid pool (most abundant amino acid in muscle tissue). It comprises sixty-one percent of the amino acid pool in skeletal muscle. Glutamine's unique structure, containing two nitrogen side chains, consists of nineteen percent nitrogen making it the primary transporter of nitrogen into the muscle cell. In fact, Glutamine alone is responsible for thirty-five percent of the nitrogen that gets into the muscle cell. Glutamine literally drives muscle building nitrogen into the muscle cell where it is synthesized for growth.
Glutamine concentrations fall markedly after training and remain low until complete recovery. What this means is, the very rigors of weight training leak nitrogen carrying Glutamine from muscle tissue. This fall in Glutamine is catabolic to muscle tissue. Supplementing with Glutamine spares free Glutamine in muscle tissue, counteracts the fall in muscle protein synthesis, and improves nitrogen balance.
We found this information at PowerHouse Nutrition Center. This is a good cite, although it is only an advertisement. To build muscle you must be in a "positive" nitrogen balance. Muscle tissue breaks down-cannibalizes- when you are in a negative nitrogen balance. To keep your body in a positive nitrogen state to build muscle you must supply a high quality protein source every few hours. The higher nitrogen retaining ability of the protein, the greater the ability to pack on muscle. Protein is the nutritional backbone for muscle growth. No matter how hard you train or what other supplements you take without adequate protein you won't see any gains.
We could go on and on about all the stuff we have learned, but we won't. Hopefully we will be able to make some sense of all of this by April.